Cocaine Addiction Information
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Cocaine Treatment Admissions Decrease: 1993-1999
  • Cocaine treatment admission rates were generally highest in the middle Atlantic and some southern States
  • Trends indicated stable or declining treatment admission rates for primary cocaine abuse in most States

Admissions to publicly funded substance abuse treatment facilities for cocaine abuse declined by 23 percent between 1993 and 1999, from 136 to 104 per 100,000 persons aged 12 or older. Cocaine was responsible for 14 percent of the 1.6 million admissions in 1999 to these facilities. Cocaine and opiates (at 15 percent) were the leading illicit drugs responsible for treatment admissions.
Cocaine treatment admission rates were generally highest in the middle Atlantic and some southern States. Trends indicated stable or declining admission rates for primary cocaine abuse in most States.
For this report, cocaine treatment admission rates per 100,000 persons aged 12 or older were calculated for each State for 1993 to 1999 using the Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Cocaine treatment admissions include both smoked cocaine (crack) and cocaine used by other routes of administration. Crack cocaine treatment admissions accounted for about three quarters of all cocaine treatment
admissions annually from 1993 to 1999.

Figure 1.
Cocaine Treatment Admission Rates per 100,000 Persons Aged 12 or Older:
1999
Figure 1, 1999 map showing Cocaine Treatment Admission Rates per 100,000 Persons Aged 12 or Older

Cocaine Treatment Admission Rates: 1999
By 1999, the treatment
admission rate for primary cocaine abuse in the United States as a whole had
decreased to 104 per 100,000 persons aged 12 or older. Two States had rates of
207 per 100,000 or more. Sixty-seven percent of reporting States had rates of
less than 114 per 100,000.
Admissions per 100,000 Aged 12 or Older
Picture

Figure 2.

Changes in Cocaine Treatment Admission Rates: 1993-1999

Figure 2, Map showing changes in Cocaine Treatment Admission Rates between 1993 and 1999
Percent Change
Percent Change
Changes in Cocaine Treatment Admission Rates: 1993-1999
Cocaine treatment admission rates decreased in 63 percent of reporting States between 1993 and 1999. Rates decreased over this period by 35 percent or more in 13 States, and by 10 to 34 percent in another 11 States. Some of the largest rate decreases were reported in States that had high rates in 1993, such as Louisiana, Maryland, and Massachusetts (Table 1).
Increases in cocaine treatment rates were seen in some States, primarily in the Midwest. The largest increases were seen in Arkansas, Iowa, Wisconsin, and Indiana, ranging from 76 to 246 percent.
States with High Cocaine Treatment Admission Rates and Large Percentage Changes in Rates: 1993-1999
Cocaine Admissions per 100,00 Aged 12 or Older Percent Change
1993 1996 1999 1993-1999
United States 136.0 121.6 104.2 -23
Georgia 176.7 110.6 69.0 -69
Massachusetts 224.8 203.5 115.5 -49
Louisiana 240.9 141.6 133.6 -45
New Jersey 164.2 140.3 93.3 -43
Kansas 188.6 142.7 110.1 -42
Alaska 119.5 163.5 77.1 -36
Maryland 273.2 222.6 176.3 -35
Michigan 176.9 207.3 120.2 -32
South Carolina 151.9 163.3 120.9 -20
Florida 189.4 142.0 155.0 -18
New York 265.1 257.5 222.6 -16
Delaware 158.5 161.3 203.2 +28
Ohio 126.6 183.1 163.6 +29
Missouri 126.4 135.2 169.4 +34