Cocaine Addiction Information
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cocaineCocaine comes in two forms, a powder and a crystalline form. The powdered form of cocaine is more expensive and yet less potent than crack cocaine (the crystalline form). In American cities, a rock of crack cocaine can be bought for anything from $10 to $40 depending on size. Powder cocaine is closer to $100 for a hit.

Crack cocaine is so called because it makes a crackling, popping sound when it’s heated. It’s generally smoked in a distinctively short pipe. While powdered cocaine has had a reputation for being a classier, rich man’s drug, crack cocaine is associated with low-class living, poor urban areas, and criminal personalities. However, crack cocaine has become more and more available outside of its traditional demographic. The following is a summary of some of the places crack cocaine has become available in recent years.

WHERE IS IT TURNING UP?

In Europe they have much lower usage rates on crack cocaine, which seems to indicate that it’s an American problem. However, crack cocaine only made its way to Europe more recently, with England having its crack epidemic in 2002, compared to the United States being really pervaded by it all the way back in the 80s. The only cities with a real crack problem presently are Hamburg, London and Paris. However, it has also turned up in some French territories and in the Netherlands, and the drug does seem primed to make its way through the continent.

Throughout the entire United States, well over 5,000 people were found guilty of cocaine trafficking in federal courts in 2007. Also in 2007, a government funded survey found that 3.2% of seniors in high school had used crack cocaine at least once. In 2012, a national survey revealed that 9,015,000 people have tried crack cocaine at some point in their lives.

It shows up everywhere in the United States, from Honolulu, where over 11% of people arrested had used crack cocaine in the previous week, to New Jersey, which has a notably stable cocaine market. Neither the supply nor the price has shifted much in New Jersey for years, which indicates the local drug cartels are very comfortably entrenched. Some study indicates that there is just one cartel managing the top half of the state and another managing the bottom.

Crack cocaine features in troubled inner cities—like in central Ohio, where a survey of local residents revealed that on a scale of 1 to 10, they rate the availability of many drugs as a 10. Crack cocaine is, of course, on the list. One man surveyed said that there isn’t a street corner in his city where cocaine wouldn’t be available.

In Chicago, the police department seized 757 kilograms of cocaine back in 2000 – and that wasn’t the biggest cocaine bust that Chicago has seen since.

A POSSIBLE BRIGHT SIDE

Not to make less of the dangers of cocaine or the very real trouble that its use brings to the neighborhoods where it’s sold, but there is some good news on the cocaine front: The industry has been slowly contracting, at least within the United States.

Colombia has been fighting a long and hard battle against the cocaine manufacturers who traditionally have concealed themselves within the Colombian jungles. They have succeeded in drastically reducing the acreage of coca plants, making a 50% decrease between 2000 and 2008. 2008 was also the year that the global cocaine supply dropped by 15%, largely due to the Colombian efforts, and the year that the cocaine tonnage reaching the United States reached 165 (down from 267 tons in 1998). As the Colombians are showing us, there is hope of getting this drug under control.